TOP 15 Reasons for HARD LANDINGS! DON'T BLAME the first officer! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE
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Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel!
Today’s video will all be about hard/bumpy landings. 15 reasons why pilots once in a while land a little harder than usual.
Number 15:
Autoland landing
Autolands can sometimes end up in a harder landing than usual. In very foggy conditions with visibility values lower than what is consider to be flown manually(RVR minimum), pilots have to choose an auto land landing if there plane is equipped and certified for such an approach. The autopilot flies purely by numbers and received signals from the ground which can lead to a shortened flare, ending in a bumpy landing. A mishap showing that the autopilot only flies by the received signals is the Singapore airlines (check) landing at Munich airport, where the pilot disconnected the autopilot too late after landing, and the signal got disturb by another plane, leading to the Triple 777 to swerve off the runway.
Number 14:
Varying landing weight
Your first landing might be close to the maximum landing weight and the next might be with a nearly empty plane. Planes act completely different depending on their landing weight, which might be misjudged by the pilot and ruining his flare!
Number 13:
Different plane types
Some airline pilots are rated on multiple planes. For example when I flew for Airberlin, I was rated on the Airbus A319, 320, 321 and some colleagues even flew the A330 all within one week. Sometimes you switched between different types of aircraft in one day. Each of them flare and obviously weigh differently and can be the cause for a bumpy landing.
Number 12:
Different engine types
Some airlines have an A320 as example with IAE V2500, but in the same fleet others are fitted with CFM Leap engines. Upon flare, the engines react or spool up and down differently, timely speaking, which can lead to an unexpected long flare, a sudden drop in airspeed and bang, your next hard landing.
Number 11:
Density Altitude
When landing in Los Angeles for example with a 747, let’s say you have a ground speed on approach of 150 knots, times 5 equals = 750 feet per minute of descent rate on a 3 degree glideslope. Let’s fly the approach with the same landing weight into Mexico City with an airport elevation of 7300 feet, the air density is much lower, therefore your True Airspeed increases by 2% per 1000 feet, means 7 times 2% equals 14%, so 150 knots times 1.14 equals 171 knots. Let’s say 170 knots times 5 equals 850 feet per minute your descending on the 3 degree glideslope. So effectively 100 feet per minute 20 knots faster, if you don’t anticipate the higher descent rate, bang, harder landing then usual. The same applies for glide slopes which are steeper than normal which result in a higher descent rate!
I hope you enjoy the video and it’s been helpful to you!
Thank you very much for your time!
Wishing you all the best!
Your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
@Tyler H
@malaga airport productions
@Jeff K.
Intro Song:
Lounge - Ehrling:
Outro Song:
Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here

  • amitrajit chattopadhyay
    amitrajit chattopadhyay

    The RA callouts incident is really Dengerous..!! Suddenly there's the change in altitude and RA calling, bro you are in Negative altitude..!! BANG..!! 😂😂

  • Drima Chakraborty
    Drima Chakraborty

    Tbh I've flown RyanAir from Berlin to Munich and back the next day but I slept through both landings and takeoffs and the entire flights so I have no complaints lmaoooooo

  • simon trucker
    simon trucker

    Sure Joe, you can watch me reverse park a 46 tonne, 20m long Truck & Trailer, I've even had to park it on one side of a Barge through a central ramp. You're welcome😅 Great video btw. Had the hardest landing I've ever experienced while flying into Dunedin, NZ, in late January. I was thinking the Pilot flying was on a promise and in a hurry to get to the Hotel, but this has opened up other possibilities☺

  • Ricky Aviation geek
    Ricky Aviation geek

    I encounter some very hard landing

  • [FCClan]The Stranger
    [FCClan]The Stranger

    When I HAVE to parallel park, I'll find a nice spot where I can ease into it. My brother can do it easily between other vehicles. I'll park farther away if I can find an easier way. :)

  • Larry Wax
    Larry Wax

    Why aren’t all runways engineered to be completely level?

  • immortal soul
    immortal soul

    So captain joe this calculation do pilots do in cockpit if yes plz reply then I can become a pilot it's average mathematics then

  • michael fujiwara
    michael fujiwara

    How arrogant can you get? You say passengers can't say what they feel as a "hard-landing" UNLESS THEY CAN DO BETTER THAN THE PILOT??? So unless a passenger is better t han the pilot, the passenger can't say anything about the flight? What kind of thinking is that??? I'd like to ask the airline you're working with now if that's their "official policy" if the passenger is not a better pilot, the passenger should just sit there and keep quiet.

  • gredangeo

    8:43 what is he saying here? Is it what I think it is? lol.

  • Romario Rodríguez
    Romario Rodríguez

    Reason 16: You' re flying ryanair.

  • 00 00
    00 00

    Meh. I do blame the F.O. whenever i feel the need. But i never voice it, rather i thank them and get on with my life. I've flown well over a thousand times, I've seen great crews and utter shat crews over the decades. I've flown soo many times that I have become very good at sizing up a Captain's or F.O's ability based on several factors. 1. how kept is the person? While they all have a dress etiquette, ones personal dress mannerisms can generally display more about a person than their uniform. 2. Age. When i see a young F.O. i know theres a much higher percentage of an interesting landing. And I've had some interesting touch downs. Never once given a bad eye to a Captain or F.O after a harsh landing, just thrilled they pulled it off safely. 3. Their hair. This is likely the most telling sign of whether or not you have an experienced pilot or someone middle of the road. You see a high & tight hair cut, He's either retired Air Force or Navy pilot. These guys based on my decades of flying experience have always been the best of the best, and personable to boot. Regardless, hard landing or not, I have always said thank you to any Pilot and F.O. upon landing if they've taken the time to scuttle out of the cockpit. It's not as simple as you may think. Imagine being responsible for 100-200-300+ lives and you know they're ALL trusting you can handle any situation that may arise. Theres pressure on these guys that we take for granted, on each & every flight.

  • Surfinturfin

    Reason 1 - being a Ryanair pilot

  • Edwin Morgan
    Edwin Morgan

    Told by a lightning pilot ... a landing is a controlled crash ! And if your plane is ok and you walk away from it it’s a good landing

  • Alayna Loetzel
    Alayna Loetzel

    The defeated armchair biochemically phone because fender regretfully label since a enormous bit. empty, wide-eyed cherry

  • Talivus

    8:43 im completely new to aviation so is that machine calling the pilot a "retard"???

  • BFG 10,000
    BFG 10,000

    *(RyanAir comment)*

  • Sai Aakash
    Sai Aakash

    Anyone watching while being on the plane ✈️

  • Shaina Irene Magno
    Shaina Irene Magno

    This reminds me of how bad is Ryanair

  • audiocustoms

    "any landing you can walk away from is a good landing"

  • Kaynos

    No Ryanair comments. Bah party pooper.

  • macedk

    NR.16 bad pilot ;) (all my sim landings are flawless) ;)

  • a s
    a s

    its hilarious how people knowing nothing about flying, sit behind and judge a pilot's landing based purely upon how it "felt" on their butts.

  • Aviator Trucker
    Aviator Trucker

    I have begun to fly from the right seat as I want to train to be an instructor. Let me tell you as a left-handed pilot used to flying in the left seat, the right seat is an entirely different feel on the side including the site picture. My landings although not bad are not as smooth in the right seat yet as they are in the left seat.

  • HyroDaily

    That truck example, that will be rough no matter how many times you do it.

  • Francesco Longo
    Francesco Longo

    he mention the applause at the end, is it normal to applaude after a landing? Me as an Italian always thought it was something rude that people who never fly do

  • Sirius Enigma
    Sirius Enigma

    The first and only reason is GRAVITY. Otherwise, there are 2 type of landings: the ones that conform to expectations. And those that don’t.

  • 지지영선

    The mellow television rarely reign because patio inversely satisfy failing a bawdy jaguar. brash, adamant furniture

  • 0virus00

    I experienced a hard landing once landing in Berlin. We already had to wait in the plane before takeoff in Vienna because of bad weather in Berlin. We landed at crosswinds and it was really shaky. Scary as hell...

  • SlideTime

    If I am too fatigued to get out of the seat after a 12 hour flight then a pilot should have all the rights to feel this way too and wake us all up with a little bump on the runway.

  • megathumper777

    Yup.... 23 years in the air and you’ve nailed them all! Great video

  • Gary Davis
    Gary Davis

    Once flying into Las Vegas, we had a "hard landing" with an immediate "fly around". As the Captain explained to us (the passengers) another plane was slow getting off the taxiway....

  • Paul Varn
    Paul Varn

    You need to pay more attention to the audio volume uploaded to youtube. Just because it sounds loud on your speakers during editing, does not mean that will be the end result. Professional audio technicians use standards to judge for the correct levels, just like aircraft manufacturers, maintenance and pilots do. Speakers are rubber rulers.

  • Herr Unsinn
    Herr Unsinn

    I remember years ago experiencing (what seemed like) a hard landing on a Southwest Airlines flight. After the bumpy landing, the head of the flight crew came on the intercom and she announced "That hard landing wasn't the pilot's fault. It wasn't the co-pilot's fault... but rather, it was the asphalt. (S.W. Airlines has always had a sense of humor.) 😅 😂 🤣

  • Myr Rosen
    Myr Rosen

    The depressed box preliminarily play because fur routinely applaud to a learned pasta. nimble, warlike climb

  • Armando Villalta
    Armando Villalta

    @Captain Joe said no bad comments so: 12:08 Congratulations Ryan Air for the first soft landing.

  • The 747 Is not dead
    The 747 Is not dead

    Everybody gangsta until A330 lands hard...

  • Darren Scroggins
    Darren Scroggins

    As a business traveler for the past decade, I've had more than my fair share of landings. Primarily in the B737 air frame (thank you Southwest Airlines!). If it was a smooth landing, I know that my pilot was trained by the US Air Force. A "hard" landing - they are a "Naval Aviator" who is looking to drag a tailhook. p.s. Go Air Force!!!

  • Péter Balogh
    Péter Balogh

    I see, so if you buy a cone of ice cream, and it tastes like sh1t, you should not say a thing, just smile like it is the best cone of your life, because you cannot make a better ice cream. If you land better than I do, it does not make you a good pilot, it just means that you are a pilot. If you land bumpy, you f-ed it up, stop that hypocrisy, I enjoy your videos, but please...

  • mpe

    I have no idea why I like watching these, I'm not a pilot but I find all the details fascinating.

  • Zieji

    I once had a landing in Dubai in the evening that I didn't even feel or realize was completed. It was one of the most amazing flying experiences, so cool. Still thinking about it about 10 years later

  • ScrotusXL

    Reason number 1. You are a Ryan Air pilot, standard flight training practice 🤣

  • johnrtrucker

    I can parallel park a loaded semi with my eyes closed in any weather or time of day BUT when i get into my pick-up i gotta relearn shifting parking and maneuvering with such a short wheel base 😂😂 i 100000% agree with you joe! And also some days i can one short blindside back into a dock with ease other days i couldnt get it in to save my life! I have great days and off my game days im sure pilots have to deal with that as well lol!

  • Adrian Miller
    Adrian Miller

    I fly gliders; No we can't 'always go around'

  • Vrodboy

    Back in 1970's the passenger plane I was on was landing at Lindbergh Field in San Diego, we landed really hard and later I heard rumors the pilots "broke" the plane....whatever than means

  • Semity

    Should passengers be sleeping still during landing? 01:01. I don't think so.

  • CheapSpeed Media
    CheapSpeed Media

    Does the autoland feature use the ils system

  • Frank Bruno
    Frank Bruno

    Thank you Captain Joe.. I enjoyed this and learned a lot. I supervised a small airport in northern Colorado and was always surprised at the level of preparation the pilots put in.. be well, Frank

  • eduardoig17

    I already drive my car with the seat in the lowest possible setting lol so no change for me

  • Hugh Martell
    Hugh Martell

    A sign you've experienced a hard landing: all your teeth fillings are now on the floor.

  • Jerry L
    Jerry L

    So it's all basically human error and these are 15 of them!

  • Matteo

    I tell ya, I'm dead scared to fly since ages. BUT since I started watching and enjoying your videos I'm no longer so scared and I'm keen to give a try to a flight travel.. Thank you. Really, I mean it.

  • bepowerification

    12:54 damn that looked turbulent.. I rarely fly and if I had to experience this landing I would wait a looong time before getting on an airplane again.

  • steve talbert
    steve talbert

    I was on a 737 from BNA to Denver and then on to SFO, the pilot circled at Denver due to setting up for a landing due to a cross wind. I thought the wing tip was going to hit the runway! He did an excellent job.! Southwest Airlines has some great Pilots.

  • bob's biscuit
    bob's biscuit

    "Don't be that passenger" Too late, haha! My go-to is usually "Well, he found [City name]!" 8:43 Yeah, I've also heard hard-landing pilots being called this, didn't think the plane itself would be saying it as well, lol.

  • rparker069

    Qantas landing brief: make it as comfortable as the situation allows Ryanair landing brief: plane in air, don't want it to be

  • Philip Boyle
    Philip Boyle

    Ryan Air, the worst airline I've ever flown with. Suck it up Joe.

  • Gary Keyes
    Gary Keyes

    Cap, thanks for this channel! I love flying and I've been a lifelong flight enthusiast (on my bucket list is get a pilot's license--lol). My and friends who are afraid to fly I always direct them to your channel. Good Job!!

  • Hagen Deike
    Hagen Deike

    @Captain Joe: Do pilots still crave applause after landing, or is it just another day at the job?

  • S0ar1ng3agl3

    Any landing you can walk away from is a good landing. Any landing you can walk away from AND still use the plane is a great one.


    the voice sounds like it saying "Retard" I took it as a funny thing

  • Adone Borione
    Adone Borione

    I have always felt a bit panicky about flying and it looks like I will stay that way.

  • Hedera Helix
    Hedera Helix

    A hard landing reduces the forward speed by translating its energy into the suspension of the gear and is mostly suitable for shortened runways or when having damaged flaps, where you naturally have a slight overspeed, that you need to eliminate, to not overheat the breaks afterwards, which in itself might cause a fire.

  • Greg Warner
    Greg Warner

    Running out of airspeed, altitude and ideas simultainously.

  • Hafiy Nifail
    Hafiy Nifail

    I know why he said “don’t blame the first officer” because he is the first officer....

  • Rebecca Panella
    Rebecca Panella

    There’s some things that are just out of the pilot’s control

  • SKM

    2:47 why you’re here

  • Mike Burns
    Mike Burns

    Everybody knows that hard landings are the fault of the mechanic that changed the seat belt on 34D.

  • Thomas Gaines
    Thomas Gaines

    As a flight instructor in small general aviation airplanes, I find it easier to control in a strong cross wind. I still approach in a crab but over the numbers I find it no problem, for instance, in a left cross wind , to straighten out with right rudder and left aileron to control the drift. I'm not worried about knocking an engine off of the wing. If the wind changes, I can do a little dance. If I think my feet point the nose and my hands stop the drift, I can usually get a smooth touch down or go around if I don't like it with immediately available power. It's a straight wing airplane. No swept wing issues.. . On the Airbus 320 are you in danger of scraping an engine with that technique? I'm sure that the passengers might feel the dance in a long fuselage more than I do sitting on the vertical, lateral and longitudinal axis.

  • Landlock beachbum
    Landlock beachbum

    As Captain Dan tells me after a hard landing it wasn’t the pilots fault it wasn’t the airlines fault it was the asphalt!

  • neville

    I remember flying BA from Edinburgh to LHR. The weather was fantastically stormy the plane was delayed and they were unsure whether to try. The flight was challenging. When we got to LHR the pilot explained that he would need to approach at an angle to the runway and if successful would perform a hard landing pivoting the plane as it hit the tarmac. Wow it was fantastic placing the plane down firmly, pivoting and doing a fantastic job. On another occasion I was flying on a Nimrod. The pilot approached at 90° to the runway, did a 270° turn and landing on the runway at the end of his turn. It was fun but I'm not sure that those in the Tower were happy. Was the landing from over the sea Madera?

  • Ernst Hobbit
    Ernst Hobbit

    Music off please

  • Tangent

    Sorry, I'm going to mention Ryanair because you said not to. Suck it, Ryanair.

  • PanHowie

    good landing - when you can get out of the aircraft by yourself great landing - when the aircraft can be use again

  • J

    can you address the lateral swaying upon landing - is there a computer system to help to offset the severe lateral swaying and how severe of lateral swaying can the landing gear system withstand. With the speed of the plane upon landing and the lateral swaying given the mass of the jumbo jets, it seems that there must be huge amount of stress put upon the landing gear. If you have covered this already please point me to your link. Thanks ....

  • HKGuns

    The hardest landing I've ever experienced was flying into SFO. I commented to the pilots while exiting they must have been practicing their carrier landing. It was absolutely jarring, but to a novice, that airport looks like a difficult place to land and may have contributed.

  • R1B3Y3

    Hey as someone who falls asleep easily on flights, a harmless wake up call is appreciated haha.

  • Lewis Tallon
    Lewis Tallon

    Alternative title: 15 reasons for Ryan Airs Terrible Landings

  • SaftSchinken23

    I nearly always park in the lowest position of the seat, otherwise I'd have to break my neck driving some cars xD

  • SaftSchinken23

    I'd love to see how a hard landing test looks with a 747 if it's like the test shown in this video it might look funny xD

  • Wendal Jr
    Wendal Jr

    Notice the plane in the very first clip LOL. I can say that I experienced such landings with them before.

  • sukalanger

    Did we land or were we shot down?


    im a semitruck driver, wish i was a pilot

  • Jon Thomson
    Jon Thomson

    Might add to that weight and balance problems and ground crew failing to lock in containers that shift. I would suspect it's not as common an occurrence now but many times back in the DC 10 days it happened far too often. If a pilot believes he has a certain amount of weight in a compartment and its not there or there is too much weight, he'll be as surprised as the passengers when comes down hard.

  • Alex Grant
    Alex Grant

    Back in 2004/2005 i had a pretty heavy landing in Prestwick airport. The pilot tried to land and done a go-around because the wind and rain was bad, he told us the next landing would be to use his words "there will be a bit of a bump folks"

  • Verdun Luck
    Verdun Luck

    OK, I'll give you reasons 1 and 2, but the others are really just excuses, you should be able to cope.

  • Urban Major
    Urban Major

    Woher kommen die x5?


    Southwest Airlines pilots are notorious for hard landings

  • dwarfer777

    “dont complain unless you can prove you can do it better” - i didnt sign up for his job. so i just flawed your logic on them arguments

  • Gadac

    Well there I was on some fine sunday afternoon Just me and my airplane On a little airpot we've never been to before We're on short final and nothing was looking right I was seeing red over red, white over white And I couldn't seem to remember how that saying went anyway but I was staring straight down at the runway And all I could think of was about setting myself up To ungraciously dismantle this perfectly good little airplane. And, and then off in the distance I heard a voice And I think it was that of my flight instructor saying "You can always go around"

  • Finn Durston
    Finn Durston


  • Nyctis

    It's not a hard landing if the masks don't drop in the back. :p

  • B Kailua
    B Kailua

    As of 2/25/21 in 4 days I will have been flying 50 years since my first solo flight. With over 30 years of that in airliners. No 1 reason for a hard landing is "not your day" :)

  • john johnson
    john johnson

    Reason 16 that I have hard landings: I'm a crappy pilot lmao

  • Alexandre Alves
    Alexandre Alves

    Thanks to Good Year 😊😊😊😊

  • Myllies Kytchin
    Myllies Kytchin

    We had a pilot who was joking around telling us we were going to the starship enterprise, when we took off he never even ran the full runway, I ALWAYS record EVERY flight. It was almost like we went straight UP. Then he said we’re about to land on The planet earth and landed SO HARD it shook people who were sleeping! They were super MAD! I knew it was going to happen I never sleep!

  • John T.
    John T.

    ... Increase, maintain, dissipate...... air speed.

  • Pete Engard
    Pete Engard

    I took a two engine puddle jumper from Nantucket to Hyannis just before the airports were closed during a violent storm. A 15 minute flight was streched to almost an hour. The little plane hit the landing at almost a 45 degree angle. The pilot and myself were the only ones who didn't upchuck on that very turbulent flight. My waist was bruised because of the seatbelt and some passengers actually hit their heads on the overhead bins. Gusts at landing was over 70 mph with sustained winds of 60.

  • Dark - VFX
    Dark - VFX

    Ryanair 🌚

  • Cpt Baraa
    Cpt Baraa

    As an a320 pilot, when you start naming 319 320, 321, CFM & AIE you make my day 😍

  • Bigfield 75
    Bigfield 75

    Great video Captain Joe ! There is another factor that can lead to a firm landing : the runway width. A standard runway width is about 45 meters and so the pilots eyes are used the image of this kind of runway. But some airports have 60 meters wide runways, which gives the pilots an impression of being low and they would start an early flare. This could lead to a firm landing for the same reason as for a runway with a downslope. On the opposite, some smaller airports have 30 meters wide runways ( minimum allowed width for the A320). There, the pilots have an impression of being high over the threshold and might start the flare too late...